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Industry Terms Glossary

Industry Terms Glossary
Bleed Bleed is the resulting discolouration from the migrated dye into a print area of dye sublimation.
CMYK (Cyan, Magenta,Yellow, Key - Black) The abbreviation used to describe the standard colour model used in the printing process.
Colour Separations Separating a CMYK into film layers, each of which is printed individually to give the impression of a full colour print.
Digitising The process of converting artwork into a stitch file that is recognised by an embroidery machine.
Direct to Garment Printing (DTG) The process of printing directly onto a garment with specialised ink jet.
Drop Shipment The process of shipping directly to an end user customer without any trace of the distributor.
Embroidery  The ability to stitch various types of thread on garments for design purposes.
EPS (Encapsulated Postscript File) An EPS file is a file type of a Vectorised image. See Vectorised image for more detail. 
File Format A file format differs depending on intended use. Examples of file formats include: JPEG and PNG for web use. PDF and vectorised images for print.
Flock Printing A textile vinyl with a raised 3D look and soft flock feeling to create raised premium designs.
Font A term described for a particular typeface style
Full Colour or 4-colour Process A system that separates the 4 CMYK colour values (typically done digitally). Each colour is transferred to printing plates, which are pressed. These can combine to create millions of colours, ideal for detailed shading, tints and photographic images.
GIF A GIF is a format that supports both animated and static images. Should not be used for print.
High-Res The resolution (RES) of an image which is typically between 300dpi to 2500dpi. Ideal for print use.
JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) The common format of any image file. This is a standard format used for both print and web.
Lead Time A phrase used to describe the amount of time involved in all aspects of an order. Typically from the artwork approval to the goods being delivered and physically with you.
Low-Res The resolution (RES) of an image which is typically between 72dpi to 250dpi.
PDF (Portable Document Format) A PDF is a file format for capturing and sending electronic documents in the exact intended format.
Personalisation / Branding Printing or embroidering something with a logo, image and / or name.
PNG (Portable Network Graphic) A PNG is a static raster graphic, primarily used for the web. This has a clear background, ideal for layering.
Print Area The specific dimensions in which a print can be effectively printed on a product.
Production Time  The time in which it takes to produce and ship an order following the confirmation of an order and or final artwork approval.
Proofs A digital representation/ mock-up of a final artwork proof.
Resolution The quality of an image, determined by the DPI (dots per inch). Typically, the higher the resolution the greater the DPI.
RGB (Red, Green, Blue) This colour format is typically used for web. When mixed together these colours create a wider colour spectrum.
Screen Printing / Silk Screening Screen printing is a printing technique whereby a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a substrate, except in areas made impermeable to the ink by a blocking stencil or screen. A squeegee is moved across the screen to fill the open mesh apertures with ink, and a reverse stroke then causes the screen to touch the substrate momentarily along a line of contact. This causes the ink to wet the substrate and be pulled out of the mesh apertures as the screen springs back after the blade has passed. This is sometimes referred to as silk screening or serigraphy.
Set-up Charge A term used to describe the cost charged to set-up the tools and or equipment used for a particular job or order. 
Sublimation Printing Dye sublimation is a chemical process where sublimation ink turns from a solid to a gas during ink curing at high temperatures enabling the print to penetrate the fabric. Sublimation is for polyester rich fabrics or other products that have to be treated with a polymer coating.
Vectorised Artwork Vectorised artwork is an image which can be manipulated due to the file set up. Vectorised images are editable via different software packages. These vector images can be scaled up or down, without the loss of quality or resolution.
Web Page Graphics These graphic images are used for web only. These images are typically created at 72dpi and not suitable for print use.
Fabric & Product Glossary
1x1 Rib Also 2x2 rib knit trim. The width of each rib is the same as the width between each rib. This helps the garment retain its elasticity.
2-Way Zipper A zip that can be pulled in either direction.
Anti-Pill A treatment applied to garments primarily to resist the formation of little balls on the fabric's surface due to abrasion during wear.
Argyle Typically a diamond pattern woven into a garment.
Baby Pique Very small pique knit. See Pique Knit.  
Back Pleats  Small folds in the material on the back of a garment offering more room and comfort. 
Back Yoke  A piece of fabric that connects the back of a garment to the shoulders allowing the garment to lay flat.  
Baselayer The first layer of clothing for body's defence against cold, heat, moisture, etc. It is designed to remain dry by either wicking, repelling, or allowing moisture to pass through to another absorbent layer.  
Basket Weave Knit Process of weaving threads back and forth resulting in a two-tone appearance.  
Blouson Cut A garment gathered by elastic or a string and producing a fullness of fabric that falls over the gathering  
Box Pleat A single, uniform fold in the centre back of a garment to allow for more room and comfort.  
Breathable Body heat and perspiration can escape through the lightweight material, while water and the elements are prevented from coming in.  
Brushed Cotton Cotton fabric that is brushed to remove all the excess lint and fibres from the fabric, leaving an ultra soft, smooth finish.  
Button-Through Sleeve Placket A small placket located on the cuff, containing a single button closure.  
Chambray A dressier fabric woven with white threads across coloured threads.  
Combed Cotton Cotton thread that has been combed to remove short fibres and straighten longer fibres creating a smooth yarn used in finer garments.  
Coolplus®   Offers moisture management, breathability, comfort and quick drying properties.   
Coverseamed A finish in which two needles are used to create parallel rows of visible stitching.It is used around the neck, armholes, waistband, and wrists of garments to create a cleaner, more durable finish.   
Dobby A decorative weave, usually geometric, that is woven into the fabric.  
Double-Needle Stitched A finish used on a sleeve or hem that uses two needles to create parallel rows of visible stitching. It gives the garment a cleaner, more finished look and adds durability.  
Drop Needle A knit fabric characterised by vertical lines within the cloth. Manufactured by dropping a needle from the knitting cylinder.   
Drop Tail  A design feature where the back of the garment is longer than the front.   
Dyed-To-Match Buttons or trims the same colour as the garment.  
Easycare Durable fabric requiring minimal ironing and straight forward washing.  
Easyiron Garment has properties which limits creasing.  
EN471 Necessary classifications for high visibility garments.  
End-on-End A 2-ply weave of different colour threads that run parallel so that both colours are visible.  
Enzyme Washed A laundering process in which a catalytic substance is added to create a chemical change in the fabric resulting in a very soft finish, smoother appearing surface and reduced shrinkage.  
Etched Tone Buttons A more upscale horn tone button with an etched pattern.  
Eyelets Small holes or perforations made in a series to allow for breathability. Finished with either stitching or brass grommets.  
Fine Knit Gauge Lightweight knitted material often found in Summer garments.  
Flat Knit Collar Collar is knit on a machine that produces a fine, smooth surface  
Full Cut A garment with a generous fit.  
Garment Washed A wash process where softeners are added to finished garments to help the cotton fibres relax, resulting in a thicker appearance, reduced shrinkage and softer feel to hand.  
Garment Dyed A dyeing process that occurs after the garment is assembled.  
Herringbone A decorative pattern of rows of slanted parallel lines alternating to give a quality textured look.  
Horn Tone Buttons Buttons with a mock ivory style.  
Houndstooth A broken check effect that is knit into the fabric.  
Hydrafort Hydrafort fabric is both waterproof and windproof, providing reliable protection from the elements in the outdoors. Hydrafort fabric is independently tested to ensure it exceeds BS3424 for waterproofness.  
Interlock Knit A fabric that has two plys knit simultaneously to form one thicker and heavier ply. It has more natural stretch than a jersey knit, a soft hand, and the same appearance and feel on both sides.  
IQ Fabric wicks moisture away from the skin to keep it cool during even during the most intense exercise. The garments are designed around a moisture management system, which circulates air around the body to keep it cool.   
Isolite 5000 Waterproof and breathable lightweight fabric system offering outstanding comfort and performance on a range of lightweight, packable rainshells.  
Isotex Waterproof, Windproof, Breathable fabric  
Jacquard Knit This fabric has a smooth outer and a textured inner.  
Jersey Knit This fabric has a smooth outer and a textured inner.  
Klopman Specifically designed to offer exceptional all-round performance including outstanding durability, enhanced comfort and a smart appearance.  
Locker Loop A looped piece of fabric in the neck of a garment for hanging on a hook. Can also be located at the centre of the back yoke on the inside or outside of a garment.  
Locker Patch A panel sewn into the inside back of a garment, just under the collar seam, to reinforce the garment and minimise stretching when hung on a hook.  
Low Profile A cap style with a low slope that is more closely fitted to the head. Can be either structured or unstructured.   
Mandarin Collar Small collar standing on a high, close neckline; the collar doesn't meet in front. Often known as a cadet collar.  
Melange A mix of different colours of thread knit together to create a heathered effect.  
Mercerized A product that has gone through a process to produce a smooth feel.  
Mesh Similar to a pique knit, but with a more open texture for increased breathability.  
Micro Fleece A high density, anti-pilling fleece made of knit micro-fibres that are brushed less than a regular fleece garment. It has a high capacity for warmth without the weight.  
Microfibre This fabric is tightly woven from a very fine poly thread and has a sueded finish for a luxurious, soft feel. Microfibre fabric is naturally water repellent due to its construction process and when specially treated, can also be waterproof.  
Micro-Stripe An ultra-fine stripe knit into the fabric.  
Overdyed A process in which thread dyed fabrics or piece dyed garments are put through an additional dye colour to create unique colours.  
Organic Produced ethically to certified standards.  
Oxford Fabric made from either cotton or blended man-made fibres.  
Patch Pocket A pocket attached to the outside of a garment.  
Pearlised Buttons Buttons that have a pearl-coloured hue.  
Pewter Buttons Buttons that have a dull, metallic hue.  
Pigment Dyed A type of dye used to create a distressed or washed look.  
Pique Knit A knitting method that creates a fine textured surface that appears like a waffle weave.  
Placket The part of a shirt or jacket where the garment fastens together.  
Poly-Filled A warm polyester lining found in the body or sleeves of outerwear garments. It has more loft than a regular nylon lining.  
Poplin A tightly woven, durable, medium weight cotton or cotton blend fabric made using a rib variation of the plain weave which creates a slight ridge effect.  
Pre-Shrunk This term refers to a manufacturing process whereby the fabric is compressed before a garment is sewn from it. The fabric decompresses during washing, compensating for any natural shrinkage.  
PVC A polyurethane coating that is added to make garments water resistant.  
Raglan Sleeves Sleeves set with a diagonal seam from the neck to the armpit.  
Raw Edge Collar Unfinished hem on collar to give rough, contemporary look.  
Reverse Placket See Placket, but reversed for women's garments.  
Rib Knit A textured knit that has the appearance of vertical lines. It is highly elastic and retains your shape.  
Ring Spun Thread Continuously twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibres. The twisting makes the short hairs of cotton stand out, resulting in a stronger yarn with a significantly softer hand.  
Ripstop   This fabric has a high tear and abrasion resistance and has a squared appearance, Commonly a lightweight nylon it can also be of canvas weight.  
Scotchlite Millions of glass beads affixed to the surface. Each glass bead is covered with a metallic reflective layer on half of its surface and this, combined with the spherical nature of the glass beads gives the materials their reflective properties.  
Self-Fabric Collar A collar that is constructed from the same material as the body of the garment.  
Shape Retention Fabric maintains your shape after wear.  
Shoulder to Shoulder Taping Reinforced, or fashion taping running the length of the shoulders.  
Side Vents Slits found at the bottom of side seams allowing for comfort and ease of movement.  
Spotshield Formula that repels both oil and water based spills by causing liquids to simply bead up and roll right off the shirt.   
Stand-up collar rigid collar with stay-up properties  
Stonewashed A washing process in which the fabric or garment is heavily washed with lava rocks or rubber/silicon balls. The result is a softer fabric with a distressed or weathered look and reduced shrinkage.  
Storm Flap A strip of fabric sewn under or over the front zip or snap closure of an outerwear garment to protect against wind and moisture.  
Sueded Cotton A fabric that goes through a brushing process to raise the nap and give the garment a soft hand.   
Symmetry Ideal for a wide range of outdoor and lifestyle uses. It is both comfortable and practical to wear. Symmetry has an anti-pill finish, quick drying and easy to care for with a super soft handle  
Taffeta A fine plain weave fabric; smooth on both sides, usually with a sheen on its surface.  
Taped Seams A strip of fabric sewn to the seam of a garment to prevent distortion and aid waterproofing.  
Taslan Refers to how the fibres are woven and the resulting texture. Used mainly in outerwear garments, Taslan is a durable and water repellent nylon fabric with a slightly shiny surface.  
Teflon® Stain resistant, water repellent finish applied to textiles. This treatment gives the fabric a protective coating (without affecting any of the fabric's inherent properties).  
Tencel A fabric made from the cellulose found in wood pulp which is processed into a silk-like, delicate fabric.   
Terry Velour A type of material with uncut loops on both sides. It has a soft, plush feel and is water absorbent.  
Thermal Balance Plus The inherent structure of Thermal Balance fleece makes it ideal for use as part of a layer system. Thermal Balance Plus fleece provides outstanding warmth and comfort making it the ideal layering garment for a range of outdoor uses.
Thermoguard Thermo-Guard insulation is made up of advanced synthetic fibres, which trap air to help keep you warm in cold or snowy conditions.  
Tubular Collar Collar in a tube form with no seams.    
Twill A fabric characterised by micro diagonal ribs producing a soft, smooth finish.  
Underarm Grommets Small holes in the armpit area to allow breathability and air circulation.  
V Patch A section of material in a V shape that is sewn onto a garment directly under the collarette. Can provide support against stretching the neck opening and is also a style component.  
Vents, Front & Back Allow for breathability and may aid in ease of decoration or for fashion purposes.  
Welt Collar and/or Cuffs A single ply fabric with a finished edge that is used for collars and cuffs on sport shirts and short sleeve garments.  
Wicking   The physical action of drawing liquid moisture (sweat) away from the body and moving it to another surface or layer.